Important cities in Ahau – Chichen Itza

There are a handful of important cities in Ahau, the boad game. Chichen Itza, built in the Terminal Classic period, was one of the largest cities of the Maya. Even today, it remains the most visited archaeological site and the most popular tourist attraction in Mexico.

Chichen Itza was a significant center of political activities and trading. Due to its multicultural aspect, one of the most exciting features is its great variety of architectural styles. Several significant structures are still standing today, including the Great Ball Court, the North Temple, The Steam Bath, or the Temple of Warriors.


Undoubtedly, one of the most eye-catching buildings of the ancient city is the El Castillo, also known as the Temple of Kukulkan. Dedicated to the deity Kukulkan, the Feathered Serpent itself, El Castillo is one of the tallest pyramids of the Maya architecture that we know of. On each side of this temple, a staircase leads up to a square structure. One of the staircases has 91 steps, while the other has 92, which adds up to exactly 365, a significant number in the Maya calendar and astrology. In addition to its religious importance, El Castillo is considered to be the royal tomb of the Toltec ruler, Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl.

A local legend says that at certain times of the year, Kukulkan, the Feathered Serpent visits its pyramid temple and presents its worshippers by providing excellent health and a bountiful harvest before returning to the Underworld.


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